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Improving Economics 

In recent years, many commercial real estate owners have become more familiar with the tax benefits of cost segregation. Due to cost and complexity, these studies were once only practical for large property owners. However, several boutique consulting companies have

The Home Advantage 

Any broker who has worked with Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax deferred exchange clients knows the frustration of trying to find a replacement property at the right price with the correct amount of debt before the 180 day window

IRS Provides Guidance on Using Tenancy-in-Common Interests in 1031 Exchanges 

On March 19, the Internal Revenue Service released Revenue Procedure 2002 22, which addresses the use of real property fractional ownership interests as replacement property in Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax deferred exchanges. Commercial real estate professionals commonly refer

Job Creation Act Increases Tax Savings for Commercial Property Owners 

In March, Congress passed the Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002. While the act contains provisions affecting many industries, it may offer commercial real estate property owners and companies specific tax saving benefits. Bonus Depreciation Provision Under the

IRS Ruling on Passive Activity May Offer Tax Break Possibilities 

Taxpayers often consider depreciable real estate a viable investment vehicle because of its potential for capital appreciation and cash flow and its inherent qualities as a tax shelter. From a purely tax perspective, depreciable real estate historically provides a positive

A PAT Answer 

Editor's note The November December 2006 issue of Commercial Investment Real Estate contains the article "A PAT Answer," which discusses private annuity trusts as a tax deferral strategy. After the magazine was printed, the U.S. Treasury Department issued proposed regulation

Creative Planning May Reduce State Taxes 

State and local taxes represent an increasing portion of the overall tax cost of any real estate transaction. As more businesses become national and even global, state and local tax planning become more crucial. In early March, the New Jersey

Cost-Segregation Solutions 

Cost segregation is an accepted Internal Revenue Service method of allocating the purchase price paid for real estate property. Generally, cost segregation enables owners to increase the depreciation deductions from their properties, providing substantial present value benefits by reducing income

Commercial Developers May Gain Basis Allocation Advantage 

A recent U.S. Tax Court decision may provide commercial developers with another creative tax planning tool, based upon a long standing basis allocation rule available to residential developers. In a series of judicial decisions dating back to the 1950s, courts

Are You a Candidate for an IRS Audit? 

Benjamin Franklin is credited with observing, “In this world, nothing is certain but death and taxes.” To whom taxpayers answer in death is a question of debate, but there is no question that U.S. taxpayers must answer to the Internal

The Benefits of Cost-Segregation Studies 

When a commercial property is purchased or constructed, a building asset is created and the dollars are entered into a fixed asset system as 39 or 27.5 year property. Using the straight line method,

Estate Tax Repeal Affects Property Disposition by Beneficiaries 

On June 7, President Bush signed the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, a $1.35 trillion tax cut plan. Among other things, this act provides for a phased in repeal of the estate tax with a full

Leasehold Interests Offer Alternative 1031 Exchange Options 

Typical Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchanges involve the sale of real estate and the acquisition of like kind replacement property. Basically, property held for investment is like kind with any other property held for investment. Fee title investment real

IRS Clarifies Reverse Exchange Qualifications 

The Internal Revenue Service's recent Revenue Procedure providing a safe harbor for reverse like kind exchanges adds clarity to what has been a hazy situation. In the past, many taxpayers have been hesitant to enter into reverse exchanges due to

Review Tax Changes to Maximize Employee Benefit Plans 

In light of changing legislation, commercial real estate companies should review their employee benefits plans. The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 contained numerous changes to fundamental retirement plan rules for small businesses. Effective for plan years

S Corporation Shareholders Benefit From Supreme Court Ruling 

The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled in favor of taxpayers in a potential windfall decision for shareholders of S corporations. Many small companies, including real estate related ventures, elect to be treated as S corporations with the Internal Revenue Service.

Review the Fundamentals of Section 1031 Like-Kind Exchanges 

Taxpayers planning to sell, purchase, or construct real property should review the possibility of conducting an Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 like kind exchange to defer the incurrence of federal and general state income taxes on the capital gain. To

QI Questions 

The unregulated Section 1031 exchange industry has suffered instances of misappropriated client funds, breaches of fiduciary duty, theft, and qualified intermediary bankruptcy filings. The task of qualifying a QI has become paramount for real estate investors and their advisers. Understanding

QER Expenditures May Provide Tax Breaks for Brownfield Redevelopers 

When commercial real estate professionals advise their clients on redeveloping brownfield properties, they should consider the tax implications. The treatment of costs incurred to remediate environmentally damaged sites might affect a project's economic feasibility. Remediation Cost Considerations The time during

Retail Tenants Get Tax Break for Construction Allowances 

For years, federal income tax law was unclear about how to treat payments that owners or landlords make to tenants for construction allowances to improve leased retail space. Last September, the Internal Revenue Service adopted final regulations on previously created

Partnership Abandonment May Not Be a Capital Offense 

When selling real property, individual taxpayers generally prefer to declare the profit as a capital gain rather than ordinary income because of the lower marginal rate on capital gains. But in the case of losses, this logic often is reversed

Partnerships Can Use These Methods to Protect 1031 Gains 

Property owners wishing to dispose of appreciated assets often use Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchanges to defer capital gains taxes. However, partnerships wishing to execute exchanges face unique challenges, particularly when individuals in the partnership have diverging investment goals

Reverse Exchanges Offer Investors Tax-Saving Benefits 

In an Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchange, when an investor must purchase the replacement property before the relinquished property can be sold, he should consider using a reverse exchange. In September 2000, the Internal Revenue Service clarified its position

Proposed IRS Changes Ease Income Tax Regulations for Corporate Mergers 

The Internal Revenue Service recently reversed its course in a direction favorable to taxpayers regarding the proposed regulations on the income tax consequences of corporate mergers or consolidations involving entities that are disregarded for federal tax purposes. The regulations are

New Tax Rules Offer REITs More Flexibility 

Significant new federal income tax rules governing real estate investment trusts will allow REITs to compete on a more level playing field. Without being penalized, REITs now may operate and maintain control of companies that provide valuable services to their