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IRS Clarifies Related-Party Rule in 1031 Exchanges 

Last December, the Internal Revenue Service published Revenue Ruling 2002 83, which clarifies its position on taxpayers buying replacement property from related parties under Internal Revenue Code Section 1031. Due to the considerable confusion about such exchanges, real estate professionals

Inbound Investments 

In the midst of an unprecedented commercial real estate boom, some investors, particularly those from outside the United States, believe assets currently on the market reflect bargain basement prices. As these opportunities spring up throughout the country, international investors are

Leveraging LIHTCs 

As the need for affordable housing increases across the country, more com mercial real estate devel opers are partnering with nonprofit companies to leverage access to low income housing tax credits as a source of project financing. Earlier this year

Condemnation Caveats 

The U.S. Supreme Court recently agreed to decide the scope of a local government’s ability to use the power of eminent domain to take private property. Several New London, Conn., residents contend that the city’s condemnation of their homes

Disappearing Lease Detour 

During the last several years, many tax deferred exchangers sold properties for a premium but found it challenging to locate and buy suitable replacement properties. Construction exchanges are a growing alternative because taxpayers can build value into the property to

Exchange Eligibility 

Joseph and Sara bought a three bedroom rental home that needed repair. After several months, they had completed the repairs and put the refurbished property on the market for substantially more than their original investment. Subsequently, a buyer put a

Give & Receive 

Is a non productive commercial real estate asset draining your client's cash flow? What can you do to help get rid of this white elephant while still adding value to your business? Many investors and corporate real estate professionals are

Constructive Receipt: Timing Is Everything 

A fundamental principle in efficient tax planning is the contemplation of the timing of income and loss events. While this principle seems relatively elementary, determining when a tax item actually becomes taxable can be more complex. Statutory Background IRC Section

LLC Self-Employment Regulations Can Be Taxing 

The limited liability company has emerged as the ownership vehicle of choice for real estate in most jurisdictions. Because of federal "check the box" regulations — which allow newly formed entities to choose how they will be taxed for federal

Leasehold Interests Offer Alternative 1031 Exchange Options 

Typical Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchanges involve the sale of real estate and the acquisition of like kind replacement property. Basically, property held for investment is like kind with any other property held for investment. Fee title investment real

IRS Ruling on Passive Activity May Offer Tax Break Possibilities 

Taxpayers often consider depreciable real estate a viable investment vehicle because of its potential for capital appreciation and cash flow and its inherent qualities as a tax shelter. From a purely tax perspective, depreciable real estate historically provides a positive

Exchange With Caution 

Congress addressed what it considered to be abusive sale leaseback transactions involving tax exempt entities, known as sale in, lease out, or SILO transactions, by creating Internal Revenue Code Section 470 as part of the American Jobs Creation Act of

History in the Making 

By taking advantage of rehabilitation tax credits sprovided under Internal Revenue Code Section 47, owners or developers of historic properties can inject significant equity into their real estate projects to cover funding gaps, increase project amenities, or avoid expensive bridge

Partnerships Can Use These Methods to Protect 1031 Gains 

Property owners wishing to dispose of appreciated assets often use Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchanges to defer capital gains taxes. However, partnerships wishing to execute exchanges face unique challenges, particularly when individuals in the partnership have diverging investment goals

Proposed Rules Affect Reorganizations Involving Disregarded Entities 

Proposed Internal Revenue Service regulations could affect tax planning for mergers involving commercial real estate structures such as real estate investment trusts that use disregarded entities. The proposed regulations will limit the number of reorganizational structures available to corporate taxpayers

QI Questions 

The unregulated Section 1031 exchange industry has suffered instances of misappropriated client funds, breaches of fiduciary duty, theft, and qualified intermediary bankruptcy filings. The task of qualifying a QI has become paramount for real estate investors and their advisers. Understanding

Partnership Abandonment May Not Be a Capital Offense 

When selling real property, individual taxpayers generally prefer to declare the profit as a capital gain rather than ordinary income because of the lower marginal rate on capital gains. But in the case of losses, this logic often is reversed

QER Expenditures May Provide Tax Breaks for Brownfield Redevelopers 

When commercial real estate professionals advise their clients on redeveloping brownfield properties, they should consider the tax implications. The treatment of costs incurred to remediate environmentally damaged sites might affect a project's economic feasibility. Remediation Cost Considerations The time during

QRPBI Exception Calculations 

Two calculations must be applied that limit the amount of excludable cancellation of debt income when utilizing the qualified real property business indebtedness exception to COD income. While these calculations are complex and not comprehensively covered in this article, this

Proposed IRS Changes Ease Income Tax Regulations for Corporate Mergers 

The Internal Revenue Service recently reversed its course in a direction favorable to taxpayers regarding the proposed regulations on the income tax consequences of corporate mergers or consolidations involving entities that are disregarded for federal tax purposes. The regulations are

Reverse Exchanges Offer Investors Tax-Saving Benefits 

In an Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 exchange, when an investor must purchase the replacement property before the relinquished property can be sold, he should consider using a reverse exchange. In September 2000, the Internal Revenue Service clarified its position

The Home Advantage 

Any broker who has worked with Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax deferred exchange clients knows the frustration of trying to find a replacement property at the right price with the correct amount of debt before the 180 day window

Improving Economics 

In recent years, many commercial real estate owners have become more familiar with the tax benefits of cost segregation. Due to cost and complexity, these studies were once only practical for large property owners. However, several boutique consulting companies have

IRS Guides Taxpayers on Repeal of Installment-Sales Repeal 

The Internal Revenue Service has clarified the implications of Congress' recent change of heart about repealing the installment sales method for accrual basis taxpayers. Signed in December 2000, the Installment Tax Correction Act repeals former Internal Revenue Code Section 453(a)(2),

IRS Ruling May Free Up Corporate Real Estate Value 

In June, the Internal Revenue Service issued Revenue Ruling 2001 29, which states that a real estate investment trust might be party to a tax free separation of corporate owned real estate if certain conditions are met. This ruling comes