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Clarifying Entity Classification Conversions 

Two recent Internal Revenue Service rulings on the tax treatment of converting single member limited liability companies into partnerships and vice versa likely will affect the commercial real estate industry because many transactions take place with partnerships and other entities

Creative Planning May Reduce State Taxes 

State and local taxes represent an increasing portion of the overall tax cost of any real estate transaction. As more businesses become national and even global, state and local tax planning become more crucial. In early March, the New Jersey

Constructive Receipt: Timing Is Everything 

A fundamental principle in efficient tax planning is the contemplation of the timing of income and loss events. While this principle seems relatively elementary, determining when a tax item actually becomes taxable can be more complex. Statutory Background IRC Section

Cost-Segregation Solutions 

Cost segregation is an accepted Internal Revenue Service method of allocating the purchase price paid for real estate property. Generally, cost segregation enables owners to increase the depreciation deductions from their properties, providing substantial present value benefits by reducing income

Cost Segregation Helps Property Owners Maximize Depreciation Deductions 

While most property owners are aware of depreciation benefits, few take full advantage of them. It is rare that a building's entire cost is depreciated over the 39 year or 27.5 year life assigned to real property, but when owners

Are You a Candidate for an IRS Audit? 

Benjamin Franklin is credited with observing, “In this world, nothing is certain but death and taxes.” To whom taxpayers answer in death is a question of debate, but there is no question that U.S. taxpayers must answer to the Internal

5 Tax Tips for Developers and Investors 

In today&rsquo s economy it is essential for commercial real estate professionals to be aware of tax planning opportunities and the potential cash savings available to their companies. The following five tax tips may help real estate owners and developers

The Benefits of Cost-Segregation Studies 

When a commercial property is purchased or constructed, a building asset is created and the dollars are entered into a fixed asset system as 39 or 27.5 year property. Using the straight line method,

Analyzing Local Tax Laws Can Save Property Owners Money 

Property taxes are a major expense for commercial property owners often second only to financing costs. Yet many owners resign themselves to rising property tax expenses, accepting their annual assessments as a cost of doing business. Because property values rise

LLC Self-Employment Regulations Can Be Taxing 

The limited liability company has emerged as the ownership vehicle of choice for real estate in most jurisdictions. Because of federal "check the box" regulations — which allow newly formed entities to choose how they will be taxed for federal

IRS Provides Guidance on Using Tenancy-in-Common Interests in 1031 Exchanges 

On March 19, the Internal Revenue Service released Revenue Procedure 2002 22, which addresses the use of real property fractional ownership interests as replacement property in Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax deferred exchanges. Commercial real estate professionals commonly refer

Job Creation Act Increases Tax Savings for Commercial Property Owners 

In March, Congress passed the Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002. While the act contains provisions affecting many industries, it may offer commercial real estate property owners and companies specific tax saving benefits. Bonus Depreciation Provision Under the

Commercial Developers May Gain Basis Allocation Advantage 

A recent U.S. Tax Court decision may provide commercial developers with another creative tax planning tool, based upon a long standing basis allocation rule available to residential developers. In a series of judicial decisions dating back to the 1950s, courts

A PAT Answer 

Editor's note The November December 2006 issue of Commercial Investment Real Estate contains the article "A PAT Answer," which discusses private annuity trusts as a tax deferral strategy. After the magazine was printed, the U.S. Treasury Department issued proposed regulation

Tax Nothings Are Something in Like-Kind Exchanges 

Creative real estate investors have more options in structuring complex like kind exchanges through a recent Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ruling on "tax nothings," or federally untaxed single member limited liability companies (LLCs) that elect not to be treated as

Splitting Heirs 

Strong market fundamentals and low interest rates have opened the world of commercial real estate to a whole new pool of investors. Seeking alternatives to the stock market, many investors have ventured into passive forms of real estate investment such

Trust-Worthy Tips 

Charitable remainder trusts are unique and powerful giving tools with useful applications in commercial real estate. CRTs often are employed to address the three biggest tax hurdles real estate investors face current income tax, capital gains tax, and estate tax.

Oil and Gas Options 

As commercial real estate prices continue to increase and investors seek new replacement property options to complete tax deferred exchanges, oil and gas investments are gaining more attention as viable alternatives. Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 classifies an investment in

Multi-Asset Mastery 

Of all the transactions in the tax deferred exchange arena, multi asset exchanges can be the most complicated and technical in nature. These transactions include personal property, which is not like kind with real property. While many clients and investors

Telecommunications Services May Be Good for REITs 

The rapid advancement of telecommunications technology has made it necessary for property owners, including real estate investment trusts, to upgrade their properties with voice, video, and data communications systems to help attract new tenants. This trend particularly has been menacing

A Taxing Workout? 

The slumping global economy and stagnant credit markets have taken a toll on nearly all commercial real estate properties. Many assets are struggling to generate sufficient income to meet financing obligations in the current market. As a result, many real

Review the Fundamentals of Section 1031 Like-Kind Exchanges 

Taxpayers planning to sell, purchase, or construct real property should review the possibility of conducting an Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 like kind exchange to defer the incurrence of federal and general state income taxes on the capital gain. To

Accrual-Basis Taxpayers Lose the Use of Installment-Sales Tax Break 

Congress periodically has provided taxpayers with relief from the burden of current income tax liabilities generated in qualified transactions. Internal Revenue Code Section 1031, which governs like kind exchanges, is a familiar example of such a provision that allows taxpayers

S Corporation Shareholders Benefit From Supreme Court Ruling 

The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled in favor of taxpayers in a potential windfall decision for shareholders of S corporations. Many small companies, including real estate related ventures, elect to be treated as S corporations with the Internal Revenue Service.

QRPBI Exception Calculations 

Two calculations must be applied that limit the amount of excludable cancellation of debt income when utilizing the qualified real property business indebtedness exception to COD income. While these calculations are complex and not comprehensively covered in this article, this